The Pause Procedure
We know that even the most motivated student's concentration declines after 10-15 minutes. Teaching often requires students to play passive roles and assume all students need the same information at the same pace. By using three two-minute pauses during the lecture ( about every 13 to 18 minutes), the students are given the chance to clarify, assimilate, and retain the information presented during the prior mini-class. The pause procedure can be used as a vehicle to carry into the traditional class a variety of active and collaborative learning structures.
Examples of things do to during the 'pause' include;
* Ask students to turn to their neighbour and summarize the main ideas the instructor has just presented (e.g., List three major points in the last lecture and one point you're confused on).
* Ask students to read over their notes of the materials covered today and put a question mark beside anything they want either clarification on or more details on.
* Ask students to take out a blank sheet of paper, pose a question (either specific or open-ended), and give them one (or perhaps two - but not many more) minute(s) to respond. Some sample questions include: "What are the countries in Europe?", "What are 'Human Rights'?", "What is the different between adverbs and adjectives?" and so on.
* Ask students "What was the 'muddiest point' in today's class?" or, perhaps, you might be more specific, asking, for example: "What (if anything) do you find unclear about the lesson?" listing topics.
* Ask students to report their reactions to some facet of the course material - i.e., to provide an emotional or valuative response to the material.
Fact Rounding is an activity where the students are asked to recall one fact from the material covered in a particular lesson.
Network Phasing begins with the class being divided into groups and each group works on a particular section of a larger problem and after a given period of time the groups are merged to finally make one large group.
Active Writing requires that the students submit questions based on the material covered in a particular lesson. These questions form the introduction for the next class.
Team Quizzes divide the students into groups, and each group are given a specific amount of time to generate questions on the material covered.